B. Pacing

1. Theory

The oldest form of distance measuring instrument is the human body. It's a convenient instrument because it's always available - you never forget to bring it along. Some units derived from the body include:

    • Distance from end of middle finger of outstretched arm to nose is a yard.
    • A hand is four inches
    • The middle joint length of the little finger is an inch.
    • The foot is, well, from a foot

Although handy, such measurements aren’t useful when you have long distances to measure.

Another form of measurement using the body is pacing: basically controlled walking, Figure B-1.

Figure B-1

Walking at a uniform steady rate means footfalls are generally equally spaced. With pacing, longer distances become easier to measure.